The MONTESSORI Method
The basic idea in the Montessori philosophy of education is that every child carries unseen within him the man he will become. In order to develop his physical, intellectual and spiritual powers to the fullest.
Dr. Maria Montessori developed what she called the "prepared environment' which already possesses a certain order and disposes the child at his own speed,
The child who has had the benefit of a Montessori environment is freer at a later age to devote himself more exclusively to the development of his intellectual faculties. The method by which children are taught in the Montessori school might well be called "structured learning".
Dr. Montessori as recognized that the only valid impulse to learning is the self-motivation of the child. Children move themselves toward learning.
A Comparison of Conventional & Montessori Education
|Late start at school (5-6)||Early start at school (2-3)|
|One age per class||3 year age range per class|
|Seated at desks||Freedom to move about|
|Little socialization||Community atmosphere|
|Large group lessons||Individual lessons|
|Teacher as a source of answers||Self-correcting materials|
|Rewards and punishments||Natural, logical consequences|
|Adult centered schedule||Child centered schedule|
|Frequent interruptions||Larger free work periods|
|Limited curriculum||Enhanced curriculum|
|Peer comparison as test||Progress of student as test|
|Emphasis on grades||Emphasis on learning|
|Emphasis on conformity||Emphasis on individuality|
|Annual promotion||Progress at individual rate|
|Teacher as disciplinarian||Emphasis on “self” control|
|Corporal punishment||PEACE in education|
|Little parent involvement||Strong school/home ties|
|Graded report cards||Observation based progress reports|